The United States received a grade of A for its role in bringing accused Nazi war criminals to justice during the past year, while eight countries, including Austria, Norway and Syria, received failing grades, according to the sixth annual status report on the "Worldwide Investigation and Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals" issued by the Israel office of the Simon Wiesenthal Center.
The report, authored by Ephraim Zuroff, office director, states that the legal cases against men accused of Nazi-era crimes continued in 15 countries from April 2005 to March 2006. "Sixteen convictions of Nazi war criminals were obtained," most of them accused of taking part in atrocities against civilians in Italy or serving as armed guards in concentration camps in Poland and Germany, the report states.
"The number of convictions is higher by eleven than the number achieved during the previous year."
Austria was singled out, according to the report, "for its consistent failure to take successful legal action against Holocaust perpetrators, and especially its refusal to prosecute Majdanek guard Erna Wallisch and failure to extradite Milivoj Asner who served as police chief of Pozega, Croatia during World War II and played an important role in the persecution and murder of hundreds of Jews, Serbs and Gypsies."