A Dark History Chronicled: Anti-Semitism In The U.S.
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A Dark History Chronicled: Anti-Semitism In The U.S.

Three mothers of students who attend the North Valley Jewish Community Center in Granada Hills, Calif., walk together after addressing members of the press gathered following a shooting attack that injured five people in 1999. GETTY IMAGES
Three mothers of students who attend the North Valley Jewish Community Center in Granada Hills, Calif., walk together after addressing members of the press gathered following a shooting attack that injured five people in 1999. GETTY IMAGES

The Anti-Defamation League called the attack that killed 11 people Saturday morning at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh probably “the deadliest attack on the Jewish community in the history of the United States.” These are some major anti-Semitic attacks that have taken place in the United States since the early 20th century.

1915 — Leo Frank, a factory superintendent in Atlanta who was convicted of the murder of a 13-year-old girl, is kidnapped from prison and lynched in Marietta by a group of prominent citizens who objected to the state’s governor’s commutation of Frank’s life prison sentence.

1958 — A firebomb planted by white supremacists extensively damages The Hebrew Benevolent Congregation Temple in Atlanta (better known as The Temple), whose rabbi is an outspoken opponent of segregation.

1977 — Hanafi Muslims take over the B’nai Brith national office building in Washington during a 40-hour hostage standoff.

1977 — One man is killed and one injured when a white supremacist shoots worshippers at a bar mitzvah at Brith Sholom Kneseth Israel Congregation in Richmond Heights, Mo.

PITTSBURGH, PA – OCTOBER 27: Rapid reaction SWAT members leave the scene of a mass shooting at the Tree of Life Synagogue in the Squirrel Hill neighborhood on October 27, 2018 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. According to reports, at least 12 people were shot, 4 dead and three police officers hurt during the incident. The shooter surrendered to authorities and was taken into custody. Getty Images

1984 — A neo-Nazi group firebombs the Ahavath Israel synagogue in Boise, Idaho.

1990 — JDL founder Rabbi Meir Kahane is assassinated in Manhattan by El-Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian-born U.S. citizen.

1991 – Black residents of Crown Heights riot against the neighborhood’s Chasidic residents after two children of Guyanese immigrants are accidentally struck by a car in the motorcade of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe.

1994 — Rashid Baz, a convert to radical Islamism, opens fire on a van of Lubavitch rabbinical students on the Brooklyn Bridge, killing one person and injuring two.

1999 — A member of the neo-Nazi Aryan Nations group carries out a shooting attack at the North Valley Jewish Community Center in Grenada Hills, Calif.

2000 — Two Palestinian American men set fire to Temple Beth El in Syracuse, N.Y.

The names of the victims are displayed at a memorial on October 28, 2018 outside the Tree of Life synagogue after a shooting there left 11 people dead in Pittsburgh on October 27. Getty Images

2002 — Hisham Muhammad Ali Hedayet, a native of Egypt, kills two people during a shooting spree at the El Al counter at LAX airport in Los Angeles.

2006 — A radicalized Muslim with a history of psychological issues kills one person and wounds five others in a shooting attack at the Jewish Federation of Seattle.

2009 – A white supremacist kills a security guard in a shooting attack at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington.

2014 – A neo-Nazi kills three people in a shooting attack at the JCC and Jewish retirement facility in Overland Park, Kan.

2018 – Eleven people are killed in a shooting spree during Shabbat morning at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh.

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