Former New York Times publisher Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, who was publisher of the newspaper for 34 years beginning in 1963, has died.

Sulzberger died Saturday at his home in New York after a long illness, at the age of 86.

Sulzberger's family bought the newspaper in 1896; his son Arthur Sulzberger Jr. took over from him as publisher in 1992, and as chairman in 1997.

Sulzberger made the decision in 1971 to publish the classified Pentagon Papers, which offered a Defense Department history of the U.S. involvement in Vietnam. The documents were published after the U.S. Supreme Court challenge by the Nixon administration.

The newspaper won 31 Pulitzer Prizes under Sulzberger's tenure. Sulzberger also helped boost subscriptions and annual revenue.

Sulzberger was known by the nickname Punch. He served in the Marines and was a graduate of Columbia College